Going Online 1 - Introduction

Lesson Three

How do I find information on the Internet?

There are two main ways to find stuff on the Internet:

  1. Know the URL of the website
  2. Use a search engine
What is a URL?
Each document on the Internet has an address called the URL. URL stand for Uniform Resource Locator. The URL is typed into the Address box located in the upper left corner of the IE screen. Just type in the URL and hit the "enter" key on the keyboard to go to the website. A typical URL looks like this: www.smfpl.org/calendar.

What are the parts of a URL?
The URL specifies the host server name, directory, and file name of the Web page you are viewing.
  1. http:// The first part of the URL (http stands for hypertext transfer protocol) tells the computer which language to use to send and receive data.
  2. www.smfpl.org The second part of the URL is the name of the computer on which the data is stored.
  3. calendar The last part of the URL is the directory or webpage you are viewing
*Practice what you've learned
Delete the current address in the address box and type in the following new address exactly and press the "enter" key. 
 http://www.smfpl.org/calendar
If it didn't work, check to make sure you have all the punctuation and spelling correct!

What is a search engine?
A search engine is an automated program that uses "spiders" to search one or more documents for specified keywords and returns a list of web sites in which those keywords are found. To use a search engine enter a key word or words in a search box and the spider searches for websites that contain those words. Google at www.google.com, Bing at www.bing.com, and Yahoo at www.yahoo.com are examples of major search engines.